Selenium Webdriver Tutorials

XPath Methods to identify Dynamic Web elements in Selenium

In our earlier post ‘Introduction To XPath | Selenium XPath Examples’ we learnt that XPath is one of the most popular element locator technique in Selenium along with CSS selector, i.e. mastering XPath methods or CSS is essential for the Selenium test automation. We learnt what is XPath, its syntax and types. In this article we will explore some powerful capabilities of XPath methods which open up many new methods for locating complex and even dynamic elements which in the end, make your scripts easier to maintain.

Many a times in automation, we either don’t have unique attributes of the elements or the elements are dynamically generated with the attribute’s value not known beforehand. For cases like these, XPath provide different methods of locating elements like – using the text written over the elements; using element’s index; using partially matching attribute value; by moving to sibling, child or parent of an element which can be uniquely identified etc.

Selenium Webdriver Tutorials

Introduction to XPath | Selenium XPath Examples

If you are somewhat familiar with Selenium automation, you would know the importance of XPath. For those who are just starting with Selenium – XPath is one of the most popular element locator technique in Selenium along with CSS selector, i.e. mastering XPath or CSS is essential for the Selenium test automation. Yeah! You can extract the XPaths from Firepath-like tools but these cannot be used directly for dynamic web elements. And we think getting the basics is a must >> Tools can be used afterwards. This article is an introduction to XPath along with some XPath examples.

Web page uses HTML Document Object Model. XPath is used to navigate & locate elements in an XML. So how are XPath examples relevant for a web page?