Static, as in Stationary or Stagnant. What do you think is stationary in software terms? Yeah! The code. Either it can be stationary – or running, i.e. when you run the code. As the name suggests Static Code Testing is one of the software testing technique where the code is stationary, i.e. NOT running. How? Simple, you don’t execute any functionality (or code). Then how does it ‘test’ the system, you may ask 🙂 In Static Code Testing we don’t execute the code, instead it is checked manually or via tools for any design defects. As you might have guessed – Static Testing is not just limited to the code, we can even analyse the associated documentation like requirement & design documents to identify any potential errors or standard violations. Static testing is also known as Dry run testing.