Everything has a lifecycle – it’s the law of nature, a series of changes in form that an organism undergoes, returning to the starting state. Birth >> Infancy >> Childhood >> Teenage >> Adult >> Mature >> Old age >> Dead end. A ‘Defect’ in Software Testing also follows a pre-defined stage transitions from its identification till its closure. In Software Testing terms, we call it as ‘Defect Status transition’ or a ‘Defect Lifecycle’!
Let’s take a simple example to understand what is Test Automation Framework. How do you think Indian Democracy, the second largest in the world, is functioning? Is it ad-hoc? Nah! There are basic processes and structures that drive Indian democracy – The constitution of India. What if Constitution wasn’t there? What if people weren’t driven by any guidelines? Yeah! Total Chaos.