Appium is an open source, cross-platform Test automation tool for native, hybrid and mobile web apps, tested on simulators (iOS, FirefoxOS), emulators (Android), and real devices (iOS, Android, FirefoxOS). Appium drives various native automation frameworks and provides an API based on Selenium’s WebDriver JSON wire protocol. Android support uses the UiAutomator framework for newer platforms and Selendroid for older Android platforms.
Understanding the different offerings – IDE, Library, Framework, API, Software Development Kit for Custom Software Development.
Android Studio is the official integrated development environment (IDE) for developing for the Android platform. It was announced on May 16, 2013 at the Google I/O conference. Android Studio is freely available under the Apache License 2.0.